Computación Completa estas conversaciones con las formas adecuadas de los pronombres posesivos.?

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Stuck on these two…

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1 Answer

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    Hola, Jake:

    Remember that, unlike English possessive pronouns, which are chosen according to the person who owns something, Spanish possessive pronouns, as any other pronoun, have to agree in gender and number with the noun they refer to, that is, with the thing or things that someone possess.

    Just in case:

    ► 1st person singular: yo

    • masculine singular → mío

    • masculine plural —→ míos

    • feminine singular –→ mía

    • feminine plural —–→ mías

    ►informal 2nd person singular: tú

    • masculine singular → tuyo

    • masculine plural —→ tuyos

    • feminine singular –→ tuyas

    • feminine plural —–→ tuyas

    ► 3rd person singular: él / ella

    formal 2nd person singular: usted

    • masculine singular → suyo

    • masculine plural —→ suyos

    • feminine singular –→ suyas

    • feminine plural —–→ suyas

    ► 1st person plural: nosotros / nosotras

    • masculine singular → nuestro

    • masculine plural —→ nuestros

    • feminine singular –→ nuestra

    • feminine plural —–→ nuestras

    ► 2nd person plural: vosotros / vosotras (used in Spain)

    • masculine singular → vuestro

    • masculine plural —→ vuestros

    • feminine singular –→ vuestra

    • feminine plural —–→ vuestras

    ► 2nd person plural: ustedes (used in Latin America)

    • masculine singular → tuyo

    • masculine plural —→ tuyos

    • feminine singular –→ tuyas

    • feminine plural —–→ tuyas

    ► 3rd person plural: ellos / ellas

    • masculine singular → suyo

    • masculine plural —→ suyos

    • feminine singular –→ suyas

    • feminine plural —–→ suyas

    Please note that there are many identical forms. Disambiguation is only possible through the context:

    • Suyo (referring to a masculine singular noun) = de él = de ella = de usted = de ustedes

    • Suyos (referring to a masculine plural noun) = de él = de ella = de usted = de ustedes

    • Suya (referring to a feminine singular noun) = de él = de ella = de usted = de ustedes

    • Suya (referring to a feminine plural noun) = de él = de ella = de usted = de ustedes

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    In your exercise you have to pay attention to the possessive-noun agreement and to the change in the grammatical persons between each question and its answer as well.

    Remember that:

    • If the question refers to ME (= ‘yo’)

    → the answer will refer to informal YOU (= ‘tú’)

    → the possessive pronouns will be: ‘tuyo/os/a/as’

    or:

    → the answer will refer to formal YOU (= ‘usted’)

    → the possessive pronouns will be: ‘suyo/os/a/as’

    • If the question refers to US (= ‘nosotros/nosotras’)

    → the answer will refer to plural YOU ALL (= ‘ustedes’ – in Latin America)

    → the possessive pronouns will be: ‘suyo/os/a/as’

    or:

    → the answer will refer to YOU ALL (= ‘vosotros/vosotras’ – in Spain)

    → the possessive pronouns will be: ‘vuestro/os/a/as’

    • If the question refers to informal/formal YOU (= ‘tú’ / ‘usted’)

    → the answer will refer to informal ME (= ‘yo’)

    → the possessive pronouns will be: ‘mío/os/a/as’

    • If the question refers to YOU ALL (= ‘ustedes’ or ‘vosotros/vosotras’)

    → the answer will refer to plural US (= ‘nosotros/nosotras’)

    → the possessive pronouns will be: ‘nuestro/os/a/as’

    ……………………………………

    1. —Éste (*) es mi sitio web. ¿Cómo es el de ustedes?

    1. —El míos✘ ✔ tiene música y fotografía.

    CORRECT: —El NUESTRO tiene música y fotografía.

    NOTES:

    • Question: USTEDES – SU sitio web (possessive pronoun: SUYO) ⇒ Answer: NOSOTROS/AS – NUESTRO sitio web (possessive pronoun: NUESTRO)

    • possessed object: SITIO web (You always have to pay attention to the gender and number of the head of the noun phase. Here, ‘sitio’)

    • sitio: masculine singular noun ⇒ masculine singular possessive pronoun: nuestrO)

    👀 The definite article provided in the answer (just before the blank) is ‘el’. It is a masculine SINGULAR article. I can ONLY be followed by a masculine SINGULAR possessive pronoun, NEVER by a PLURAL pronoun as you wrote (‘ míoS’).

    (*) Remember that according to the latest spelling rules, both possessive adjective and pronouns are spelled without the written mark. Stick to the spelling that your course follows, but remember it is not correct.

    ……………………………………

    3. —Grabé mis archivos en estos discos. Y tú, ¿dónde grabaste los mío✘?

    3. —Los míos los grabé en un disco compacto.

    CORRECT: ——Grabé mis archivos en estos discos. Y tú, ¿dónde grabaste los TUYOS?

    NOTES:

    Here you have to think the other way about. You are given the possessive pronoun in the answer and you have to choose the correct pronoun for the question.

    • Answer: YO – MIS archivos (possessive pronoun: MÍOS) ⇒ Question: TÚ – TUS archivos (possessive pronoun: TUYOS)

    • possessed object: archivos

    • archivos: masculine plural noun ⇒ masculine plural possessive pronoun: tuyOS)

    👀 The definite article provided in the answer (just before the blank) is ‘los’. It is a masculine PLURAL article. I can ONLY be followed by a masculine PLURAL possessive pronoun, NEVER by a SINGULAR pronoun as you wrote (‘ míO’).

    Besos. 😏

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