a. 3.67 x 10^22 cations
b. 1.10 x 10^23 cations
c. 9.87 x 10^24 cations
d. 2.96 x 10^25 cations
i think its a but then again i ꜱᴜcκ at chemistry…lol.. can anyone help?
1 Answer

First: Sodium Phosphate: Na3PO4
Na 22.9 g/mol
P 30.9 g/mol
O 16.0 g/mol
Molecular Weight Na3PO4: 163.6 g/mol
Number of molecules per mole of anything: 6.02 x 10^23 molecules
Number of Cations per molecule of Na3PO4: 3
Calculation: (the units of each value are in [square brackets] )
10[g] / 163.6 [g/mol] 6.02 x 10^23 [molecules/mol] 3 [cations/molecule] = 1.10 x10^23 [cations]
when you take away the numbers from the problem, it becomes both more general, and more understandable.
[g] / [g/mol] [molecules/mol] [cations/molecule] = [cations]
and to put it only in terms of multiplication:
[g] [mol/g] [molecules/mol] * [cations/molecule] = [cations]
Break it down into more parts/ three smaller problems:
[g] * [mol/g] = [mol]
[mol] * [molecules/mol] = [molecules]
[molecules] * [cations/molecule] = [cations]
The important part about stoichiometry is to make sure your units all cancel.
The answer is therefore (B) 1.10 x 10^23
PS: I hope this isn’t just a homework question. If it is, I recommend finding more problem sets on stoichiometry online. I put one that looked good in the source list, but I recommend searching stoichiometry problems/problem sets and finding more.
Source(s): www.webelements.com
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phosphate
http://www.gstreit.com/tryit/stoichiometry3.htm