Phoenicians competed with Minoans for control of what?

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  • Trade around the mediterranean Sea is the answer

    The Minoans (orginal Cretans) were primarily a mercantile people enɡɑɡed in overseas trade. Many historians and archaeologists believe that the Minoans were involved in the Bronze Age’s important tin trade: tin, alloyed with copper apparently from Cyprus, was used to make bronze. The decline of Minoan civilization and the decline in use of bronze tools in favor of superior iron ones seem to be correlated.

    The Minoan trade in saffron, which originated in the Aegean basin as a natural chromosome mutation, has left fewer material remains: a fresco of saffron-gatherers at Santorini is well-known. This inherited trade pre-dated Minoan civilization: a sense of its rewards may be gained by comparing its value to frankincense, or later, to pepper. Archaeologists tend to emphasize the more durable items of trade: ceramics, copper, and tin, and dramatic luxury finds of gold, and silver. Objects of Minoan manufacture suggest there was a network of trade with mainland Greece (notably Mycenae), Cyprus, Syria, Anatolia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and westward as far as the coast of Spain .

    In the centuries following 1200 BC, the Phoenicians formed the major naval and trading power of the region. Perhaps it was through these merchants that the Hebrew word kena’ani (‘Canaanite’) came to have the secondary, and apt, meaning of “merchant”. The Greek term “Tyrian purple” describes the dye they were especially famous for, and their port town Tyre. The Phoenicians also traded cedar for making ships and other things. Phoenician trade was founded on this violet-purple dye derived from the Murex sea-snail’s shell, once profusely available in coastal waters but exploited to local extinction. James B. Pritchard’s excavations at Sarepta in Lebanon revealed crushed Murex shells and pottery containers stained with the dye that was being produced at the site. Brilliant textiles were a part of Phoenician wealth. Phoenician glass was another export ware. Phoenicians seem to have first discovered the technique of producing transparent glass. Phoenicians also shipped tall Lebanon cedars to Egypt, a civilization that consumed more wood than it could produce. Indeed, the Amarna tablets suggest that in this manner the Phoenicians paid tribute to Egypt in the 14th century BC.

    From elsewhere they got many other materials, perhaps the most important being tin and silver from Spain, which together with copper (from Cyprus) was used to make bronze. Trade routes from Asia converged on the Phoenician coast as well, enabling the Phoenicians to govern trade between Mesopotamia on the one side, and Egypt and Arabia on the other.

    The Phoenicians established commercial outposts throughout the Mediterranean, the most strategically important ones being Carthage in North Africa, and directly across the narrow straits in Sicily — carefully selected with the design of monopolizing the Mediterranean trade beyond that point and keeping their rivals from passing through. Other colonies were planted in Cyprus, Corsica, Sardinia, the Iberian Peninsula, and elsewhere. They also founded innumerable small outposts a day’s sail away from each other all along the North African coast on the route to Spain’s mineral wealth. (The name Spain comes from the Phoenician word I-Shaphan, meaning, thanks to an early double misidentification, ‘island of hyraxes’.)

    Source(s): go to and seacrh for minoan and phoenician
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    Phoenicians competed with Minoans for control of what?

  • Greece?

    I’m taking a Mythology class but I don’t remember. I know that the myceneans took over the minoans. but I’m not sure about that.

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    The world as it was known to them at the time of the existence of their civilizations.

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