the finale of the greek games
a leading greek commercial city
a heroic offensive against the persians
a type of greek statuary
In the sense of a marathon as a race – Heoric offensive against the Persians (Battle of Marathon – 490 B.C.) – Greek side was the Athenians and the Plataeans that was heavily outnumbered, but were still able to defeat the Persians.
a heroic offensive against the persian during the Persian Wars, Athens vs. Persia
Marathon (Modern Greek: ÎÎ±ÏÎ±Î¸ÏÎ½Î±Ï, MarathÃ³nas; Ancient Greek/ Katharevousa: ÎÎ±ÏÎ±Î¸ÏÎ½, MarathÃ³n) is a town in Greece, the site of the battle of Marathon in 490 BC, in which the Athenian army defeated the Persians. A legendary run of a messenger named Phidippides from Marathon to Athens, a distance of 26.2 miles or 42 kilometres, after the battle forms the basis for the modern-day marathon race. When the messenger arrived in Athens, he shouted “NENIKIKAMEN” (we were victorious) and died. Later for mourning Athens’ soldiers, a mound was made. Today there is a park around this mound.
The battle of Marathon fought by Miltiades (stratigos of Athens) in 490 B.C. on a plain situated 40 kilometers north-east of the Greek city state, against the Persian army of king Darius the Great, commanded by his generals Artaphernes and Datis, was a ~heroic defensive~, and the first great military clash of the Medic Wars.
A heroic offensive against the persians at Marathon
Marathon is from a leading Greek City – Read the history
The name “marathon” comes from the legend of Pheidippides, a Greek soldier who, according to legend, was sent from the town of Marathon to Athens to announce that the Persians had been miraculously defeated in the Battle of Marathon. It is said that he ran the entire distance without stopping, but moments after proclaiming his message to the city, he collapsed dead. There is no evidence that any such event took place; according to the Greek historian Herodotus, Pheidippides was a messenger who ran from Athens to Sparta. The legend that he ran from Marathon to Athens was invented by later writers and appears in Plutarch’s On the Glory of Athens in the 1st century AD. The International Olympic Committee estimates the actual distance from the battlefield of Marathon to Athens is about 34.5 km (21.4 miles).
It was a citystate in ancient Greece. Another Greek citystate under attack – I’m pretty sure it was Sparta – had sent a messenger there for reinforcements. The messenger ran the full distance, delivered the message, and died from exhaustion (It was a helluva long trip).
So we call really long foot races Marathons.
marathon is a name of place in greek