Which of the following statements describes the process of transformation in bacteria?

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Which of the following statements describes the process of
transformation in bacteria A) A strand of DNA is created from an
RNA molecule. B) A strand of RNA is created from a DNA molecule. )
Bacterial cells are infected by a phage DNA molecule. D) External
DNA is taken into a cell, becoming part of the cell’s genome.

Answer

Answer) option D.

External DNA is taken into a cell, becoming part of the cell’s
genome.

The process of bacterial transformation is the horizontal gene
transfer technique in which the external DNA is taken into a
bacterial cell from the environment through the cell membrane and
then bacteria amplifies that DNA thus becoming part of the cell’s
genome.

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